The Most Common Mental illnesses: Causes, 5 Types of Mental Illness, Treatments,
Common Mental illnesses
Common mental illness is a general term for a group of diseases that may include symptoms that may affect a person’s thoughts, opinions, emotions or behavior. Mental illness can make it difficult for a person to cope with work, relationships and other needs. The relationship between stress and mental illness is complex, but it is well-known that stress can exacerbate a portion of mental illness. Most people can control their mental illness by taking medication, counseling or both.
Mental illness affects a person’s thoughts, feelings, behavior or emotions. These conditions greatly affect daily life and can also affect the ability to communicate with others. If you have – or think you may have – a mental illness, the first thing you need to know is that you are not alone. Mental health conditions are much more common than you might think, especially because people do not like them, or are afraid to talk about them. but:
Mental health status is not the result of a single event. Research shows many reasons for merging. Genetics, environment and lifestyle affect whether a person grows up with a state of mental health. Stressful work or home life makes some people more involved, such as traumatic life events. Biochemical processes and cables and the basic structure of the brain can play a role, too.
Common mental illnesses are anxiety and depression. While everyone experiences intense feelings of tension, fear, or sadness at times, mental illness occurs when these emotions become more intense and make it more difficult for people to cope with daily activities, such as work, relaxation, and maintaining relationship.
Causes mental illnesses
Many mental illnesses have no single cause. Instead they have various causes, called risk factors. The more dangerous the risk, the more likely you are to get mental illness. Sometimes, mental illness develops slowly. Sometimes, it doesn’t show up until a disturbing event triggers.
Brain defects or injury; Damage or injury to certain areas of the brain has also been linked to a number of mental illnesses.
Genetics; Mental illness sometimes runs in families, suggesting that people who have a family member with a mental illness may be more likely to develop themselves. Ability is passed on in the family through genes.
Miscarriage; Some evidence suggests that disruption of early fetal growth or trauma that occurs at birth, for example, loss of oxygen to the brain, may be a factor in the development of certain conditions, especially autism spectrum disorder.
Infections; Several infections have been linked to brain damage and the development of psychiatric disorders or worsening of symptoms. For example, a condition known as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder (PANDAS) has been linked to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder and other psychiatric disorders in children.
Drug abuse; Chronic drug abuse, in particular, has been linked to anxiety, depression, and baldness.
Types of mental health issues and illnesses
There are many different conditions that are identified as mental illnesses. Common types include:
Let’s look at 5 types of mental disorders.
1. Anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health disorders that include general anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (e.g., agoraphobia and claustrophobia), anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and stress disorder. after trauma. Treated, anxiety disorders can lead to serious damage to people’s daily lives
Some causes of anxiety disorders are:
- Brain chemistry. Some research suggests that anxiety disorders may be associated with poor brain circulation and fear.
- Environmental stress. This refers to the traumatic events that you have seen or experienced. Life events often associated with anxiety disorders include child abuse and neglect, the death of a loved one, or assault or seeing violence.
- Drug withdrawal or abuse. Some medications can be used to mask or reduce certain symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety disorders often go hand in hand with alcohol and substance abuse.
- Medical condition. Other conditions of the heart, lungs, and glands can cause symptoms similar to anxiety disorders or make anxiety symptoms worse.
Treatment of anxiety disorder
There are many treatments to reduce and control the symptoms of anxiety disorder. Usually, people with anxiety problems take medication and go for counseling.
Medication. Several types of medications are used to treat anxiety disorders. Talk to your doctor or psychiatrist about the pros and cons of each medication to determine which one is best for you.
- Antidepressants. Modern antidepressants are usually the first prescription for a person with anxiety disorders. Examples of such medicine include escitalopram (Lexapro) and fluoxetine (Prozac).
- Bupropion. This is another type of antidepressant used to treat anxiety in chronic patients. It works differently with SSRIs and SNRI.
- Other antidepressants. They are less commonly used because side effects, such as drops in blood pressure, dry mouth, blurred vision, and urinary retention, may be bad or undesirable for some people.
- Benzodiazepines. Your doctor may prescribe one of these medications if you are feeling anxious or anxious. They help reduce anxiety.
Psychological Therapy: This is the type of counseling that helps you learn how your emotions affect your behavior. It is sometimes called conversational therapy. A trained mental health professional listens to you and talks to you about your thoughts and feelings and suggests ways to understand and manage them and your anxiety problem.
Consider; People with anxiety disorders respond to certain things or situations with fear and panic, as well as physical symptoms of anxiety or fear, such as rapid heartbeat and sweating. Anxiety disorder is diagnosed if a person’s response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person is unable to control the response, or if anxiety is interfering with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include general anxiety disorder, anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.
2. Psychotic disorders
Psychotic problems include misunderstandings and misconceptions. The two most common symptoms of psychological distress are nightmares – the experience of images or sounds that are not real, such as hearing sounds – and deception, which are false beliefs that a sick person admits to be true, despite evidence to the contrary. Schizophrenia is an example of a psychological disorder.
Causes of Psychotic
Doctors do not know what causes psychology, but other known risk factors include:
- Genetics: You may have a gene for that, but that doesn’t mean you will always find psychology.
- Drugs: Stimulants include prescription drugs and alcohol or drug abuse such as marijuana, LSD, and amphetamines
- Trauma: The death of a loved one, sexual abuse, or war can lead to mental illness. The type of trauma and the age at which it occurred also play a role.
- Injuries and illnesses: Traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, strokes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and HIV can all cause mental illness.
Treatments for Psychotic disorders
Treatments for Psychotic includes a combination of antidepressants, psychotherapy, and social support.
Early intervention teams; The early intervention team is a team of health care professionals set up specifically to work with people who have experienced their first period of psychology.
Psychiatric medications; Psychiatric medications are often recommended as the first psychological treatment. They work by blocking the effect of dopamine, a chemical that transmits messages to the brain.
Side effects; Antidepressants can have side effects, although not everyone will get them and their severity will vary from person to person.
Cognitive behavioral therapy; A CBT specialist can encourage you to consider different ways to understand what is happening to you. The goal is to help you achieve goals that are meaningful and important to you, such as reducing your stress, education or training, or regaining control.
Family intervention; Family intervention is known to be the best treatment option for people with psychology. It is a way to help you and your family cope with your situation.
People affected by psychology may experience delusions, nightmares and confused thoughts. Psychology can occur with a number of mental illnesses, including drug-induced psychology, mental illness and emotional disorders. Medication and psychological support can reduce, or even eliminate, psychological symptoms.
3. Dissociative disorders
Dissociative disorders are a mental disorder that involves getting disconnected and a lack of continuity between thoughts, memories, environment, actions and identity. People with isolation problems avoid the truth in ways that are not voluntary and unhealthy and cause problems and performance in everyday life.
Dissociative disorders usually grow as a traumatic event and help keep hard memories away. Symptoms – from amnesia to other tags – depend in part on the type of dissociative disorder you have. Depression can temporarily alleviate symptoms, making them more obvious.
These problems are usually associated with major stressors, which may be the result of traumatic events, accidents, or disasters that can be experienced or witnessed by the person. The disorder of isolation identity, formerly called polygamy, or “divisive personality,” and predictive disorders are examples of isolation problems.
Causes of Dissociative disorders
Dissociative disorders usually grow as a way to deal with trauma. Problems are often created for children who are physically, emotionally or emotionally abused for a long time, or, rarely, the home environment that is frightening or very unpredictable. The stress of war or natural disasters can also cause problems for isolation.
Personal identification still develops in childhood. So a child is more capable than an adult to pull himself out and see the trauma as if it happens to a different person. A child who learns to isolate himself to cope with trauma can use this process to cope with stress throughout life.
Treatment of Dissociative disorders
Treatment for Dissociative disorders may vary depending on the type of problem you are having, but generally include psychotherapy and medication.
Psychotherapy is the basic treatment of Dissociative disorders. This type of treatment, also known as speech therapy, counseling or psychotherapy, involves talking about your problem and issues related to a mental health professional.
Your therapist will work to help you understand the cause of your condition and create new ways to deal with stressful situations. Over time, your therapist may be able to help you talk more about the trauma you have experienced, but generally it is only when you have the skills to deal with the relationship with your therapist to have this conversation safe.
Although there is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions, your doctor may prescribe antidepressants, antidepressants, or antidepressants to help control the symptoms associated with dissociative disorders.
Depression is an emotional disorder characterized by a decrease in mood, loss of appetite and pleasure, and a decrease in energy. It’s not just feeling sad. There are different types and symptoms of depression. There are varying degrees of severity and symptoms associated with depression. Symptoms of depression can lead to a higher risk of suicidal thoughts or behavior.
Symptoms of depression
Although depression can occur only once in your life, people tend to have more periods. During these periods, symptoms occur more than once a day, almost daily and may include:
- Feelings of sadness, tears, emptiness or despair
- An outburst of anger, frustration or frustration, even in small matters
- Loss of appetite or pleasure in many activities or activities, such as sex, pleasure or sports
- Sleep disturbances, as well as insomnia or excessive sleepiness
- Tiredness and lack of energy, so even small tasks take more effort
- Reduce appetite and lose weight or increase appetite and gain weight
- Anxiety, anxiety or restlessness
- Slow thinking, talking or body movements
- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, past mistakes or self-blame
Causes of depression
While the exact cause of depression is unknown, several factors may be involved in its development. In general, depression is not the result of a single event, but of a combination of biological, psychological, social, and lifestyle factors.
- family history; depression can run in families and some people will be at greater genetic risk. However, this does not mean that a person will experience depression directly if a parent or close relative has the condition.
- personality; some people may be at greater risk because of their personality, especially if they are overly anxious, low self-esteem, perfect, caring for personal criticism, or blaming themselves for the negative
- adverse health conditions; these can lead to depression in two ways. A depressive mood can directly lead to depression or can contribute to depression through stress and anxiety, especially if it involves chronic management or chronic pain.
- Biological differences; People with depression seem to have a physical change in their mind. The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but in the end it may help to identify the cause.
- the use of drugs and alcohol; can cause and lead to depression. Many people with depression also have problems with drugs and alcohol.
Treatments of depression
Therapy, medication, self-help? If you are confused about all the different treatment options for depression, this is the way to decide which method is best for you.
Do not rely on medication alone; Although medication may reduce the symptoms of depression, it is generally not suitable for long-term use. Other treatments, including exercise and therapy, may be similar to medications
Get social support; The more you develop your social relationships, the more protected you will be from depression. If you find yourself stuck, do not hesitate to talk to family members or trusted friends, or seek new relationships in a support group for depression
Nutrition; Eating well is important for your physical and mental health. Eating a small, balanced diet throughout the day will help you to keep your energy level and reduce emotional changes. While you may be attracted to sugary foods by quickly supplementing them, complex carbohydrates are an excellent choice.
Reduce stress; Make changes in your life to help control and reduce stress. Too much stress causes depression and puts you in a state of future depression. Try to minimize stress and trauma and take precautions.
5. Eating disorders
Eating disorder is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal eating diet that adversely affect a person’s physical or mental health. Types of eating disorders include an eating disorder, in which people eat large amounts for short periods of time; anorexia nervosa, in which people have a high risk of gaining weight and restricting diet or excessive exercise to control this fear; bulimia nervosa, where people eat too much and then try to get rid of food;
Many eating disorders include focusing too much on your weight, body shape and diet, and leading to dangerous eating habits. These behaviors can greatly affect your body’s ability to get proper nutrition. Eating disorders can damage the heart, the digestive system, bones, and teeth and mouth, leading to other diseases.
Causes of an eating disorder
The exact cause of eating disorders is unknown. As with other mental illnesses, the possible causes are as follows:
- Genetics and biology. Some people may have genes that increase their risk of developing eating disorders. Biological factors, such as changes in brain chemistry, may play a role in eating disorders.
- Psychological and emotional health. People with an eating disorder may have psychological and emotional problems that contribute to the problem. They may have low self-esteem, motivational behavior and troubled relationships.
Treatment of an eating disorder
Treatment of an eating disorder depends on your specific problem and your symptoms. It usually includes a combination of psychotherapy (psychotherapy), nutritional education, medical monitoring and sometimes medication.
Eating disorders are treated in a variety of contexts, depending on a person’s unique factors such as preferences, family involvement, and the severity of the treatment or the mental state of their condition. The treatment level of an eating disorder may include:
Personal support: A person follows treatment on their own through alternatives or self-help resources. The person will be well aware of their condition, will be in the long-term recovery phase, or will still agree with their condition and how to seek help from other sources.
Community: The person lives at home and receives outpatient care services in their community, such as pediatric treatment, visits by a primary care provider, and more.
Outpatient: Treatment is provided at an outpatient clinic that the person visits regularly, perhaps several times a week.
Partial hospital: This includes regular hospital monitoring for people who are healthy and mentally fit but may need daily monitoring of important signs and eating disorders.
Housing: A person who is in good health but in need of intensive psychological and behavioral support can benefit from housing treatment. They will live in a residential medical facility for a specified period of time and will generally receive full medical treatment.
Mental Health Treatment
Most people diagnosed with a mental illness gain strength and recovery through participation in personal or group treatment. There are many different treatment options available. There is no cure for everyone.
Medicine; Medication does not completely cure mental illness. However, it can help with symptom management. Medication combined with psychotherapy is the best way to help recovery.
Psychological therapy; Psychotherapy is a mental health treatment program provided by a mental health professional. Psychotherapy examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and seeks to improve individual well-being. Medication-based psychotherapy is the best way to promote recovery.
Case Management; Case management coordinates individual services with the help of a case manager. A case manager can help evaluate, plan, and implement several strategies to facilitate recovery.
Support Group; A support group is a group meeting where participants accompany each other towards a common goal of recovery. Support groups are often comprised of non-professionals, but peers who have experienced similar experiences.
Conclusion; From support interventions to the challenges of drug use to controlling depression and anxiety, laximedical is here to help those in need. We can provide comfort and support to those who experience anxiety, emotional, psychological and eating disorders.
We have many psychologists, experienced and caring professionals on staff. And we offer classes, from emotional control to mindfulness along with many others that provide others with all the education they need to be self-sufficient in dealing with their mental health challenges.