5 Most Dangerous Contagious Skin Diseases : Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

What Is Contagious Skin Diseases?

Infectious skin infections are conditions that cause wounds and other symptoms that affect the skin. These diseases spread easily from person to person, so it is important to treat them quickly. Examples of skin infectious diseases are: Shingles, Diaper rash. contagious skin diseases have become more prevalent in the present state due to climate change, as well as the effects of various human activities.

Many people have been asking themselves many questions about these skin diseases without finding the answers to enduring the pain and irritation of their skin as well as infecting other people.
Some of them have experienced recurrent skin rashes or unexplained marks. Some conditions are very contagious that can able to affect your skin. Take the time to learn about an infectious skin condition that affects both adults and children.

Let’s look 5 Dangerous Contagious Skin Diseases

1. Herpes

Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease. It can be caused by type 1 herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) or type 2 herpes simplex virus (HSV-2).

Herpes simplex is a virus that causes cold sores or genital herpes, depending on the type of virus that exists. Signs of a cold neck are a painful sensation around the lips and then an occasional blister appears. Symptoms of genital herpes include itching, pain, small redness, and sores in the vagina. Options for treating cold sores and genital herpes include anti-virus medications discussed to alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of recurrence.

If you suffer from herpes, it can cause inflammation in the mouth, genitals or hair. Herpes on your face or mouth is known as cold sores or cold sores. A skin infection around the genitals or tits is known as genital herpes. Many people with herpes have mild or no symptoms. It can be spread through simple things like oral herpes kisses. You can remove genital herpes through the vagina or anal or oral sex. If you have herpes, you can spread it to other people even if you have no symptoms.

What causes herpes simplex?

The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can be transmitted through direct contact with a person. Children are often infected with HSV-1 when they first come in contact with infected adults. Then they will carry the virus for life.

HSV-1
HSV-1 may interact, such as:

  • eat with the same ingredients
  • close close
  • kiss

The virus spreads faster in one outbreak. A reliable source of people who are 49 years of age or younger is seropositive for HSV-1, although they may never be infected with the plague. It is also possible to get genital herpes with HSV-1 if someone has had cold-blooded oral sex during that time.

HSV-2
HSV-2 is contracted through a sexual form in a person with HSV-2. Approximately 20 percent of sexually active adults in the United States are infected with HSV-2, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). HSV-2 infection is spread through contact with herpes. In contrast, most people receive HSV-1 from an infected person with no symptoms or ulcers.

Who is at risk for a herpes simplex infection?

Anyone can sign an HSV contract, regardless of age. Your risk depends on the spread of the disease. In the case of sexually transmitted HSV, people are at higher risk when they have unprotected sex with condoms or other contraceptive methods.

  • multiple sex partners
  • sex at a younger age
  • being female
  • having another sexually transmitted infection (STI)
  • weakened immune system

If a pregnant woman develops genital herpes during childbirth, the baby can cause both types of HSV and may be at risk for serious complications.

Know the symptoms of herpes simplex

It is important to understand that a person does not have ulcers or visible symptoms and has the disease. They can also transmit the virus to others. Some of the symptoms associated with this virus include:

  • blistering sores (in the mouth or on the genitals)
  • pain during urination (genital herpes)
  • itching

You may also experience symptoms that are similar to the flu. These symptoms can include:

  • fever
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • headaches
  • lack of appetite
  • tiredness
How is herpes simplex diagnosed?

This type of virus is usually examined physically. Your doctor may examine the wounds and ask about some of your symptoms. Your doctor may also order an HSV test. Herpes simplex virus is known as. This will make the disease worse if you have pain in your genitals. During this test, your doctor will take a sample of the liquid from the wound and send it to the lab for testing.

Blood tests for the antioxidants HSV-1 and HSV-2 may help diagnose these diseases. This is especially helpful when there are no injuries. Alternatively, there are home tests for Herpes Simplex.

How is herpes simplex treated?

There is currently no cure for this virus. Treatment is to remove the injury and limit the infection. Wounds can disappear without treatment. However, your doctor may determine that you need one or more of the following medications:

  • acyclovirfamciclovir
  • valacyclovir
  • These medications can help reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others with the virus. Medications also help reduce the severity of the
  • disease and the duration of the onset.

These medications can come in oral form (pills) or can be applied with a cream. In the case of severe infections, these drugs can be given by injection.

 

2. Shingles

Shingles is a bacterial infection that causes painful inflammation. Although shingles can occur anywhere in your body, they usually appear on a single line that covers the left or right side of your body.

Shingles cells are caused by varicella – the shingles virus – the virus that causes chickenpox. After the chicken was made, the virus stopped moving in the fatty muscles near the spinal cord and brain. A few years later, the virus can return as a shingles.

Shingles is not a dangerous disease, but it can be very painful. Vaccines can help reduce the risk of violence. Early treatment can help shorten chest pain and reduce the chances of complications. The most common complication is postherpetic neuralgia, which causes chronic pain for a long time after bowel movements.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of shingles tend to be a small area on one side of your body. The following signs and symptoms may include:

.Pain, burning, numbness
.Sensitivity to touch
.A red rash that begins a few days after pain occurs
.Fluid-filled blisters that break open and crust over
.Itching

Some people also experience:

  • Sensitivity to light
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache

Pain is usually the first sign of the area. For some it may be overwhelming. Depending on the location of the pain, it can sometimes be taken with the diagnosis of a heart, lung, or kidney problem. Some people have shingles but they do not cause a rash. Often, the umbilical cord grows as a sticky wax that covers the left or right side of your body. Occasionally, a rash appears around one eye or on the side of the neck or face.

Causes

Shingles cells produce varicose veins – the shingles virus – the virus that causes chickenpox. Any chicken flu can be infected. Once cured, the virus enters the nervous system and sleeps for years. Eventually, it can rejuvenate and travel through the nerves to the skin and create areas. But, not everyone who has had bird flu will develop sores.

It’s not clear why he should be embarrassed. It may be due to a decrease in immunity to the disease as we age. Headache is most common in adults and people with weakened immune systems.

 

Risk factors
  • Overage over 50 years. Shingles is common among people over 50. The risk of aging increases.
  • Have some illnesses. Diseases that weaken your immune system, such as HIV / AIDS and cancer, can increase hearing loss.
  • Regular treatment for cancer. Radiation or chemotherapy can reduce resistance to infections and lead to violence.
  • Taking certain medications. Medications designed to prevent transplantation of transplanted organs may increase the chances of covering the area, as well as the use of long-term steroids such as prednisone.

 

Prevention

Zinc vaccines can help prevent Shingles. People who want to get a zoster vaccine have two options: Shingrix and Zostavax. In the United States, the Shingrix Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved it in 2017 and prefers Zostavax. Studies show that Shingrix has been providing fertilizer protection for more than five years. Shingrix is ​​a lifeless vaccine made up of viral ingredients. It is given in two doses, with doses ranging from two to six months.

Shingrix is ​​accepted and recommended for people over the age of 50, including those who have already received Zostavax or have had zingavax.

Zostavax has proven its protection against fertilizers until five years ago. The live vaccine is given as a single injection, usually in the upper arm. Zostavax is recommended for people over 60 years of age. Although it will no longer be sold in the United States until July 2020, it can still be used by other countries.

The side effects of the shingles vaccine include redness, pain, tenderness, swelling and itching during the injection and headache. The shingles vaccine does not guarantee that you will not get shingles. But this vaccine can reduce the course of the disease and the severity of the disease and reduce the risk of developing neuralgia after having a heart attack.

The shingles vaccine is only used as a prevention strategy. It is no longer intended to treat people with this disease. Talk to your doctor about the options that are right for you.

3. Yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infection is an infection of the vagina and the fungus that causes severe irritation, discharge and itching of the mouth, the fat at the entrance to the vagina.

Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal candidiasis affects 4 to 3 women at any one time in life. Many women experience at least two episodes.

Vaginal yeast infection is not considered a sexually transmitted disease. However, the risk of vaginal discharge is higher when having first sexual intercourse. There is also evidence to suggest that the disease may be orally linked to sexual intercourse (same-sex intercourse).

The treatment is effective in treating vaginal discharge effectively. If you have recurrent yeast infections – four years or more a year – you will need a longer treatment program and maintenance plan.

symptoms

Yeast symptoms can be mild and moderate, and include:

  • Vaginal rash
  • Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese
  • Watery vaginal discharging.
  • Itching and irritation in the vulva and the vagina
  • A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating
  • Redness in color and swelling of the vulva
  • Vaginal pain and soreness
Complicated yeast infection

You might have a complicated yeast infection if:

  • You have severe signs and symptoms such as redness, swelling and itching, tears, cracks or wounds.
  • You have four or more yeast infections a year
  • Your illness is caused by a strange fungus
  • You are pregnant
  • You have uncontrolled diabetes
  • Your immune system is weakened by certain medications or diseases like HIV
When to see a doctor

An appointment with your doctor:

  • It was the first time I had symptoms of a yeast infection
  • You don’t know for sure if you have a yeast infection
  • Your symptoms did not alleviate after treating too much vaginal anti-fungal oil
  • You have other symptoms
Causes

The fungus Candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. Your vagina has a balanced mixture of yeast, including candida and bacteria. Some bacteria (lactobacilli) act to prevent yeast growth. But balance can be achieved. Growth of candida or the penetration of fungi into the deepest layer of vaginal cells causes signs and symptoms of yeast infection.

Yeast growth can include:

  • Use of antibiotics that cause imbalance in the natural plant
  • Pregnant
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • The immune system is weak
  • Eat oral contraceptives or hormone treatments that increase estrogen levels

Candida albicans is the most common type of fungus that causes yeast infections. Some types of Candida fungi can be more difficult to treat than yeast infections and generally require more aggressive treatment.

Risk factors

Factors that increase the risk of yeast infection include:

  1. Use of antibiotics. Yeast infections are more common in women taking antibiotics. Many antibiotics, which kill a wide variety of bacteria, kill healthy bacteria in the vagina and increase yeast.
  2. Increased estrogen levels. Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels, such as pregnant women or women taking birth control pills or taking estrogen hormone therapy.
  3. Uncontrolled diabetes. Women with uncontrolled blood sugar are more likely to develop a yeast infection than women with well-controlled blood sugar.
  4. The immune system is weak. Women with reduced immunity (such as corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection) are more likely to have yeast infections.
Prevention

To reduce the risk of yeast infections in the vagina, wear clothes with long sleeves and loose skin.

Prevention can also help:

  • Perfect pantyhose
  • The vaccine removes common bacteria in the vagina, protects you from infections
  • Women’s fragrance products, including bubble bath, cushion and tampon
  • Bath tub and very hot shower
  • Use unnecessary antibiotics, such as colds or other viral infections
  • Clothes in wet clothes, swimwear and exercise for a long time

 

4. Thrush

Thrush, an oral thrush, occurs frequently in infants and children but can affect anyone. The vaccine is usually given in 10-14 days, it is usually prescribed to treat thrush.

What is a thrush?

Thrush is a fungal disease (yeast) that can grow in the mouth, throat, and other parts of the body. In the mouth, thrush appears as a growth that may resemble homemade cheese, with white and red cancers on the tongue and cheeks. The disease can quickly worsen and cause mouth pain and redness.

Thrush is caused by overgrowth of a type of fungus called Candida. The stomach and throat are called candidiasis oropharynx. Thrush is annoying, but it is generally a small problem for healthy people and will clear up with antifungal treatment in a few weeks. Who can lick and move (move per person)?

Although thrush can affect people, babies under 1 month of age, babies, adults, and people with weakened immune systems (whose symptoms can be difficult to control) are more dangerous in people with esophagus (esophagus) is the most common infectious disease. With AIDS.

Thrush can be a contagious disease in people at risk (such as weakened immune systems or people taking certain medications). In healthy people, it is not uncommon to communicate through kissing or other close relationships. In most cases, thrush is not considered a contagious disease, but it can be transmitted.

If you’re worried that someone else’s thrush may be causing you, don’t contact saliva (spit). It is wise to wash your hands as often as possible if you are close to someone with a thrush.

Why is thrush a concern when breastfeeding?

Because babies are at higher risk, breastfeeding or throwing thrushes is a concern for many mothers. This is a common breastfeeding problem, and in some cases can be difficult to treat.

Children with thrush can transmit the disease to their mothers. When a child’s mouth infections cause sore throat and sore throat, they cry and get angry easily at meals. Mothers (especially if they are taking antibiotics) can cause breast infections around the breasts and breasts and transmit them to their children.

When mothers and children produce thrush, they should be treated with the disease immediately so that the disease can continue to spread.

What causes thrush?

Most people have small Candida fungi in their mouth, blood vessels and skin. They are often maintained by bacteria and other microorganisms in the body. When illness, stress, or medication upsets this balance, the fungus grows out of control and causes seizures.

Drugs that can increase yeast infection cause diseases:

  • Birth control pills.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Antibiotics.

Candida infection is more likely to develop with:

  • Dry mouth.
  • Pregnancy (caused by the hormonal changes that occur with pregnancy).
  • Smoking.
  • Wearing dentures that unfited well.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • HIV infection.
  • Cancer.
What are the symptoms of thrush?

The thrush suddenly appears. A common symptom is the presence of these small, sweet wounds in the mouth, usually on the tongue or inner cheek. They can also be found on the top of the mouth, gums, tonsils or the back of the throat. Other symptoms may include:

  • Redness and soreness inside a mouth.
  • Loss of ability to test.
  • Feeling a cottony in the mouth.

Wounds can be painful and can cause some bleeding when you chew them or brush your teeth. In severe cases, the lesions can spread to your esophagus and can cause:

  • Small or difficult to swallow.
  • Feeling food stuck in the throat or middle of the chest.
  •  Fever, when the disease spreads beyond the esophagus.

Thrush can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver, and skin. This is more common in people with cancer, HIV, or other diseases that weaken the body’s immune system.

 

How to diagnose thrush?

Often, your doctor can tell you right away if you have a thrush looking for white sores on your mouth, tongue, or vagina. Slow removal of the wound reveals red, smooth areas that may bleed slightly. A microscopic examination of the lesion cells will check whether or not there is a thrush (but a physical examination is not always necessary).

If there is a thrush in the esophagus, another test will be needed. Your doctor may do the following:

  • Take the collar culture (remove the back of the neck with cotton and examine the microbes under the microscope).
  • Perform endoscopy of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine (examining the edges of these areas of the body with a light mounted on the tip of a tube that passes through this chamber).
  • Take an x-ray of your esophagus.
How to treat thrush?

Thrush can be better treated by healthy children and healthy adults. But symptoms can be more severe and more difficult in those with a weakened immune system.

Antidepressants (such as nystatin) are often prescribed to treat thrush. These medications come in pills, drops, or liquids that are usually “washed” around the mouth before being swallowed. You usually need to take these medications every 10-14 days. Your doctor will have a detailed treatment plan based on your age and cause of illness.

The presence of Candida infection can be a sign of other health problems. Do not forget to talk to your doctor to investigate these and ham

5. Diaper rash

Diaper rash is a common skin rash (dermatitis) that appears as a bright red skin stain on the baby’s bottom. Diaper rash is often associated with wet or regular diapers, skin irritation and itching. It often affects babies, so anyone who wears a diaper can develop the disease.

A diaper rash can upset parents and upset babies. But it is often cleaned with simple household remedies, such as air dryers, diaper changes, and perfumes more often.

symptoms

Skin marks. The diaper rash marks the skin red and tender in the area of ​​the diaper, chest, thigh and vagina.

A change in your child’s personality. You will notice that your baby is more comfortable than usual, especially when it comes to diaper changes. Babies with a diaper rash often squeeze or cry when they wash or touch the diaper area.

Causes

Diaper straps can be pulled from a variety of sources, including:

  1. Irritation from stool and urine. . Prolonged urination or diarrhea can irritate a child’s delicate skin. Your baby may be more sensitive to diapers if they have frequent bowel movements or diarrhea because they are contaminated by drinking stools.
  2. Wash or spread. towels or clothes that cover the skin can cause rashes.
  3. Writing from new products. A child’s skin can react with children’s wipes, new diapers, or detergents, a lion made up of laundry or laundry detergent. Other ingredients that can help with the problem are ingredients found in creams, lotions and certain oils.
  4. Bacterial or yeast infections (fungi). What starts as a simple skin disease can spread to the surrounding area. Diaper-covered areas, buttocks, thighs, and genitals are the most vulnerable because they are hot and humid, turning them into a land of bacteria and yeast. These blasts are found on the surface of the skin, and there may be red spots scattered throughout the skin.
  5. Introduction of new foods. When babies start eating solid foods, their bodies change. Increases the risk of sudden onset. Changes in a child’s diet can also increase the length of the chair, which can lead to swollen diapers. If you are breastfeeding your baby, he may be in a hurry to respond to what his mother has eaten.
  6. Sensitive skin. Babies with skin infections, such as atopic dermatitis or seborrheic dermatitis (eczema), can cause a diaper rash. However, irritated skin with atopic dermatitis and eczema affects areas other than the diaper area.
  7. Use of antibiotics. Antibiotics kill bacteria, both good and bad. When babies take antibiotics, bacteria that do not grow yeast can be harmed, and the yeast infection can cause inflammation of the diaper. The use of antibiotics also increases diarrhea. Pregnant babies, who are taking antibiotics from their mothers, are at risk for a diaper rash.
Prevention

The best way to prevent diaper rash is to keep the diaper area clean and dry. A few simple strategies can help reduce the risk of diaper rash on your baby’s skin.

  • Change diapers often. Immediately remove wet or dirty pipes. If your child is caring for a child, ask staff to do the same.
  •  Rinse your baby’s bottom with warm water as part of a diaper change. You can use the service, the boat or the water bottle for this purpose. Wet wipes, wipes and towels can help clean skin that is smooth. Do not use alcohol or scented cloths. If you want to use soap, choose a mild, odorless type.
  • Smooth gently with a clean towel or allow to dry. Do not rub the baby’s tip. Rubbing can irritate the skin.
  • Don’t suddenly open the diaper. The narrow diaper prevents airflow to the diaper area, which creates a good humid atmosphere for the diaper.
    eruptions. Tight towels can cause discomfort in the waist or thigh.
  • Give the baby more time to go down without a diaper. If possible, let your child walk without a diaper. Exposing the skin to the air is a natural and gentle way to let it dry. To avoid a confusing traffic accident

 

You might also like
Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.