Measures to Improve Hygiene and Sanitation

Measures to Improve Hygiene and Sanitation;- The term “hygiene” describes practices that enhance cleanliness and promote excellent health. What’s at Stake. One in three persons worldwide don’t have a clean toilet in their house.

Toilets are only one aspect of sanitation; it also refers to the infrastructure, practices, and services that guard against diseases brought on by contact with human waste. Read More.

Hygiene and Sanitation
Hygiene and Sanitation

Hygiene and Sanitation

Hygiene – Things that you do to keep yourself and your surrounding clean to maintain good health. Few examples of hygiene practices are:

Sanitation – is   promotion of health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes, treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater.

Few examples of sanitation are:

  • Managementof human faeces
  • Proper handling of food  (Foodsanitation)

Environmental sanitation

Differences between Sanitation and Hygiene

Sanitation Hygiene
Promotion of healthy living and good health by preventing human contact with waste and other forms of organisms causing diseases. Cumulative group of practices perceived by group of people to be a way towards healthy living
Associated with human wastes, environmental wastes and other forms of wastes Associated with human body

Importance of Sanitation and Hygiene.

Importance of Sanitation

  1. Prevent variety of harmful or deadly bacteria from infecting people
  2. Increase lifespan and improve of quality of life
  3. Ensure safe living environment particularly in the rural setting
  4. Providing measures to control diseases

Importance of hygiene

  1. Protects people against disease germs that are present in the environment
  2. Promote health to “a state of maximum physical and mental well-being” rather than mere absence of disease
  3. It promotes professional ethics.

Key Points

  • Hygiene are practices done to maintain healthy living
  • Sanitation is promotion of health through prevention of human contact with wastesSanitation and hygiene are  important for disease prevention.

References

  • Cook, G., &  Zumla, A. (2003). Manson’s Tropical Diseases. (21sted.).  London: Saunders Ltd.
  • GoT (2004): National Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) Guidelines for Healthcare Workers. Dar es Salaam: MOHSW
  • GoT (2013) Standard Treatment Guidelines & National Essential Medicines List (4thed). Dar es Salaam: MOHSW
  • Nordberg, E. (1999): Communicable Diseases, A Manual for Health Workers in Sub-Saharan Africa, Nairobi: AMREF
  • Nordberg, E., Kingondu, T., & Mugambi, E., et al. (2008) Communicable Diseases. (4thed). Nairobi: AMREF
  • Nyamwaya, D. (1994): A Guide to Health Promotion through Water and Sanitation, Nairobi: AMREF
  • World Health Organization (1999), Guidelines for safe disposal of unwanted pharmaceuticals in and after emergencies. Geneva: WHO
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