What To Know About Meniscus Tear Pain Down Leg | 5 Symptoms And Treatments
What To Know About Meniscus Tear Pain Down Leg
The meniscus, a semi-“moon-shaped,” wedge like a pillow that lies between the bones in the joint of your knees allowing your weight to be distributed evenly across the bones. Designed with cartilage, wedges not only stabilize the knee, but also allow the joint to slip smoothly and move in multiple directions. When the meniscus is ruptured or damaged, you lose part of that calming system; your weight is not applied evenly to your bones, so grinding and dressing takes place when the bone meets the bone. Over time, arthritis of the knee joint develops when the stressed bones take on the burden of your weight.
The meniscus is a ball-shaped, C-shaped disc that gives you your knee. Each knee has two menisci, one on the outer edge of the knee and one on the inner edge. Menisci keep your knee straight by balancing your weight on the knee. A ruptured meniscus can prevent your knee from working properly.
Meniscus tears are usually caused by trauma and the aging process (as we age our cartilage becomes brittle.) When an injury occurs to athletes or patients it usually describes the sensations that occur on the knee when participating in a sports event. Surprisingly, most people can still walk after breaking their meniscus, and we often see athletes returning to the field after this type of knee injury. The weight of the wound does not appear until later when the knee will burn, feel painful, tight, and may be very swollen.
Meniscus tears can vary in size and severity. The meniscus can be divided in half, pierced around its circumference by a C-shape or left hanging by a thread at the knee joint. Less visible tears may recur several years later, caused by something as simple as stepping on a road.
The functions of meniscus to the down leg
The specific shape and size of the meniscus allows for several functions. When you stand up, your weight is taken evenly through your legs and, as a result, your knees. Stress is greater when walking, running, and jumping. As a result, the body needs a pillow so that the bones do not freeze each other and cause harm. The meniscus helps to relax this weight and pass the load on the knee joint.
Also, because the meniscus is carefully designed to shape the joint surfaces of the thigh and shin bones, it helps to evenly distribute the load on the knee. Weight sharing also helps prevent knee injury and is very important for knee function and health. Injuries to the meniscus can affect its ability to function normally.
Another important characteristic of the meniscus tissue is its ability to obtain oxygen from the blood supply and to heal. The small blood vessels are found only in one third of the outer meniscus, two-thirds (avascular) without blood supply. Thus, most meniscus lesions affecting the internal, avascular, two-thirds will not heal, as oxygen is needed in the area of injury for proper healing.
What are the symptoms of a meniscus tear pain down leg
Common symptoms of meniscus tear pain down leg that include internal pain and swelling, and locks or infection of the tissues that can block your knee in a bent position.
Pain and movement; The pain will indicate the area of the tear but expands to the knee with movement. In the event that a knee is bent, bending will cause the pain to worsen.
Pain after rest. Pain can be reduced with rest; However, it will return with movement in most cases. Movement can also exacerbate inflammation.
Kneeling; If a piece of meniscus breaks away from the disc structure because of a tear, it can stay inside the knee joint itself. This lodging can lead to knee replacement, in which a person loses the ability to stretch the leg completely while sitting or standing.
Accumulation of fluid within the knee joint; This collected water will cause the whole area to swell and reduce mobility. This symptom, which can occur as a result of several knee injuries, is known as “fluid in the knee.”
Immediate pain after injury; A ruptured meniscus will often be visible from the moment the wound occurs. In these cases, dislocation of the meniscus is usually accompanied by a feeling of pop or snap in the leg during excessive twisting or stretching.
Internal pain near the tear site; In tears of the posterior meniscus, this discomfort will be present along the outside of the knee. Pain will be manifested in the inner edge of the injured knee with tears of the middle meniscus.
Slow onset of symptoms; Conversely, for some, the meniscus may cry without many signs or initial pain. Slow onset of symptoms is more common in older people and those with degenerative knee disease from a blood disorder.
Causes of meniscus tear pain down leg
- Deteriorating conditions, such as knee pain, can also cause tears in any menisci over time. This type of condition weakens the cartilage of the meniscus, allowing it to split more easily.
- Excessive knee rotation due to excessive climbing or leg amputation can cause tears in any menisci. This type of voting is common in sports such as football, hockey and soccer.
- Prompt treading or squatting on an uneven surface can result in excessive force on the knees, causing tears or tearing of the meniscus. This movement can occur during a race in a cross country, running a football practice, or falling badly on a lacrosse.
- Unexpected, rapid force can cause the knee joint to flex too far back and break the meniscus. For example, a collision with the foot of another hockey player while descending from return may result in this.
- Impact on the side or front of the knee, causing the knee joint to move sideways, can cause menisci tears and recurrent anterior cruciate ligament, as well. An athlete can achieve this while diving on a hockey field with a loose ball or facing in a football game.
- Work or activities that involve squatting up and down can filter out mesiscus cartilage, especially temporarily. For example, plumbers and carpenters are required to scratch themselves during the day and are more prone to knee injuries such as male tears.
How are meniscus tears diagnosed?
Your doctor will generally ask you how the injury occurred, how your knee has been feeling since the injury and if you have had other knee injuries. You may be asked about your physical and athletic goals to help your doctor decide on the best treatment for you.
Your doctor will hold you by the heel while you lie on your back and, with your leg bent, stretch your leg with his other arm out of your knee as he rotates your foot inwards. There may be pain. It is important to describe your symptoms accurately. The amount of pain and the initial appearance of the swelling can give important clues as to where and how serious the wound is. Tell your doctor about any recurrent swelling or recurrence of your knee.
Magnetic imaging scanning is often used to detect male lesions. The meniscus shows black on MRI. Any tears look like a soft white. An MRI is 70 to 90 percent accurate in detecting a ruptured meniscus and how serious it is. However, meniscus tears do not always appear on MRIs.
Meniscus tears, classified in three classes. Grades 1 and 2 are not considered to be large. They may even be exposed to arthroscopic examination. Grade 3 is a true tear of the meniscus and the arthroscope is close to 100 percent accurate in detecting these tears.
Treatments for meniscus tear pain down leg
There are many options available for the treatment of ruptured meniscus. These options range from anti-inflammatory drugs and rehabilitation by a physiotherapist to surgery. The orthopedic surgeon will discuss these options and help determine the best option based on the patient’s history, physical examination and the type of tears seen in imaging studies including clear X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
A non-functional physical therapy program will often focus first on reducing pain and maintaining full knee movement. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as Ibuprofen) may also be prescribed. After the initial pain of the injury has subsided and the knee movement is restored, treatment can be moved to strengthen the muscles.
If surgery is required for the treatment of male tears, this will be done arthroscopically through a small incision, using a fiber-optic camera and special small equipment. These instruments allow for the careful removal of cracked parts or repair of male tears and sutures or “tacks.”
Since the meniscus plays an important role in the long-term health and function of the knee, the surgeon will always try to place or repair any part of the meniscus that has blood supply and the ability to heal. Other meniscal tears occur in the “avascular” part of the meniscus and cannot be repaired. In this case, the broken part of the meniscus is removed. If the tear is large and occurs in the meniscus area with a good blood supply, then a correction can be made.
In addition, the patient’s age is important for healing, as patients 40 to 50 years of age will often have severe degenerative tears and poor tissue that cannot be repaired.
Postoperative recovery from male tear gas repair is very important and will change depending on the type of male surgery that is needed. If meniscus tears are formed, then low weight and crutches may be required for approximately 4-6 weeks. On the other hand, if the torn part of the meniscus is removed, then a protected weight may be needed for only a few days.
Early rehabilitation will focus on achieving full knee motion and reducing swelling from surgery. After this is achieved, the main focus will be on restoring muscle strength. The time that you may need to get a full recovery after surgery will depend on the injury and the amount of male surgery required for rehabilitation. A medical doctor and physiotherapist or athletic trainer will carefully guide the rehabilitation after surgery. A well-directed rehabilitation program is essential to achieve the best results.