Speech is the process of delivering specific sounds that convey meaning to the listener. Speech problems refer to any condition that affects a person’s ability to pronounce words that make up words. Speech is one of the main ways in which people communicate their thoughts, feelings and emotions to others.
The act of speaking requires the proper coordination of many parts of the body, including the head, neck, chest, and abdomen. In this article, we will explore what speech problems are and how they differ. We also look at the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of speech problems.
Speech problems affect a person’s ability to make sounds that allow them to interact with others. This is not the equivalent of language problems. Speech problems prevent people from making the right speech sounds, while language problems affect a person’s ability to learn words or understand what others are saying.
Other speech problems include apraxia and dysarthria.
- Apraxia; This is a motor speech disorder caused by damage to parts of the brain associated with speech.
- Dysarthria; is a speech barrier in which the muscles of the mouth, face or respiratory tract become weak or have difficulty moving.
Some people who have difficulty speaking know what they want to say but cannot express their opinion. This can lead to the development of self-esteem and depression.
Common Speech Disorders in Adults
Let’s look some of speech disorders in adults:
1. Childhood apraxia of speech
This is a disorder that affects a person’s ability to control the muscle movements used in speech. The person has difficulty creating voluntary speech sounds and combining these sounds in the correct order that the word forms. Child apraxia is a speech disorder that persists into adult life. Other names for the problem are progressive speech apraxia or progressive verbal dyspraxia.
For a person with CAS, there is nothing wrong with the muscles that are commonly used in speech. The difficulty appears to be due to the breakdown of messages sent from the brain to the muscles. This does not mean that the person is mentally ill. It is difficult to estimate how many people have CAS because not all researchers and experts agree on the services that create this problem. At this time, there is no information to say how many people have a CAS diagnosis.
Causes of childhood speech apraxia
There are no known causes for CAS. Some people think that a certain part of the brain is affected or abnormal. There is no evidence to suggest that this is correct. Some people think that a person may have a genetic factor to have CAS. Again, there is no evidence to support this view. Further research is ongoing to determine if the cause can be found.
Symptoms of childhood speech apraxia in young children
- Some young children show signs of difficulty controlling the movement of their tongue, lips and jaw.
- Signs that the baby is at risk for future speech problems:
- Children who do not play with sounds – for example, crying or biting
- Babies and children with difficulty swallowing, swallowing and chewing
- Children who do not start talking like other children are their age (remember that there is a big difference between children)
- A child uses only sounds, gestures and vocal cords to communicate.
Diagnosis of speech apraxia
If you are concerned about your baby’s speech development, talk to your doctor or mother and pediatric nurse. They can refer you to a speech therapist. You can make an appointment or call a speech therapist directly without a prescription. A speech therapist can assess if your child has CAS or if their speech problems are for other reasons.
2. Oropharyngeal myofunctional disorder
Oropharyngeal myofunctional problems are abnormal, flexible structures that arise when there are no normal structures within the oropharyngeal joint. The normal presence of these flexible movements often results in various uncomfortable cramps.
Examples of oropharyngeal myofunctional complications include one or more of the following:
- Small and finger sucking habit
- The usual habit of resting except the lips
- Relax of the tongue between or against the teeth
- Putting the tongue
- Other bad oral habits
Oropharyngeal myofunctional complications are often associated with or may contribute to a variety of medical and dental problems. These issues may include:
- Maloculation (improper dental arrangement)
- Time issues
- Orthodontic return
- Changes related to abnormal jaw growth and posture
What are some causes of oropharyngeal myofunctional problems?
Isolating the source as the sole cause of oropharyngeal myofunctional disorder is often difficult and in most cases, it may be the result of a combination of factors. Many experts suggest that OMDs may develop as a result of:
- Nasal congestion due to enlarged tone / adenoids, distorted septum and / or allergies.
- Oral habits such as thumb sucking, chin / nail / incision, gnashing of teeth / teeth, and tongue, mouth or cheek sucking
- Expansion of pacifier and / or long-term use of warning files
- Development of structural or psychological factors involving a short tongue freem (tie-dong)
- Psychological disorders and developmental delays
- Inheritance predictions
At what age should treatment begin?
Treatment for oropharyngeal myofunctional disorders can begin at different ages. Children under 4 years of age can benefit from the assessment to determine if the underlying causes of recurrent nasal congestion or tongue blockage require prevention or intervention, and allow the physician to make appropriate recommendations to experts for correction.
- Good time to start a program that will help children get rid of bad habits that suck for 5 years
- Children between the ages of seven and eight are good candidates to start Occupational Myofunctional Therapy.
- Adolescents and adults of every generation can achieve successful, long-term results
- The benefits of oropharyngeal myofunctional therapy.
- Adjust and improve the posture of the tongue and mouth, which will help in the development of tooth decay and the normal shape of the arrangement.
- Helps to calm teeth or during dental treatment or jaw surgery
- Use a need and see speech therapy. Help correct spelling errors as opposed to other traditional methods.
3. speech sound disorder
Speech problems occur when a person has difficulty making speech sounds, affecting his ability to communicate. Children often make mistakes as their vocabulary develops, but speech barriers reach the expected age of how to make the right sounds.
Types of speech problems
There are two major types of speech problems:
- articulation disorders
- Phonological disorder
Sounds can be altered, omitted, added or distorted. This leads to speech that is difficult for others to understand. Common problems include “r” and “w” (“wabbit” means “rabbit”), shortening of words, or talking to Lisp.
Includes sound error settings. Mistakes are made by all groups of words; For example, sounds produced behind the mouth can be replaced by sounds produced in front of the mouth, e.g. Replace the letter “d” with “g” (“found” instead of “dot”). People with acoustic problems often hear these mistakes when others speak, without taking their mistakes for granted.
What is the evaluation process?
A thorough assessment will be made to determine how the communication features are affected. The review is scheduled for two hours. If you have already received a speech and language assessment in another area within the last three months, please send us the report and your case history form.
This will allow you to determine if you want to complete additional research. In addition, we will require appropriate medical reports from previous speech / language assessments. We also need radiation reports (for example, intake reports or written results of brain scans).
What kind of treatment do we offer?
Treatment plans are specially designed to help children understand speech. Treatment includes evidence-based therapies that have been shown to alter the tone of voice in preschool and school-age children. Treatment for these disorders includes:
- Selected training
- Natural speech production training is requested
- Sound bombardment of sound in the environment
- Cycling training
- Train training for younger couples
Stuttering is a speech disorder that involves frequent and important problems with normal speech and speech flow. Stunned people know what they want to say, but have difficulty saying it. For example, they can repeat or extend a word, letter or consonant or vowel sound. Or they may be rude during speech because they have seen a difficult word or sound.
Stuttering is common in young children as a common part of learning to speak. Young children may stumble when they do not develop the ability to speak and speak according to what they want to say. Many children are overwhelmed by this developmental stunt.
However, sometimes, stuttering is a chronic condition that develops continuously in an adult. This kind of stumbling block can have an impact on self-esteem and interaction with others. Children and adults with dementia may benefit from treatments such as speech therapy, the use of electronic devices to improve speech fluency, or cognitive behavioral therapy.
Researchers continue to study the underlying causes of growth retardation. May be a combination of factors. Possible causes of growth retardation are:
- Damage to speech control. Other evidence suggests that violations of speech motor control, such as time, emotion, and vehicle coordination, may have been involved.
- Genetic. The dilemma runs through the family. It appears that stuttering can be caused by genetic defects.
Signs and symptoms of stuttering include:
- Difficulty starting a word, phrase or sentence
- Add a word or sound as a word
- Review of sound, writing or word
- A short silence for a letter or a few words, or being within a word (broken word)
- Ward-Next Addition of additional words like “um” is expected if there is a problem moving on
- Mild tension, tightness or movement of the face or upper body to give a word
- Focus on speaking
- Light ability to communicate effectively
When seeing a doctor or linguist
It is most common in children between the ages of 2 and 5 who stumble. For many children, this is just part of learning to speak, and it improves automatically. However, continued stuttering may require treatment to improve speech ability. If you stumble, call your doctor for an appointment or contact a linguist directly:
- It will last for more than six months
- It happens with other speech or language problems
- When the child grows it becomes routine or diligent
- It occurs with muscle tension or seems to have difficulty speaking
- It affects the ability to communicate effectively at school, at work or in social interactions
- It causes anxiety or emotional problems such as avoiding situations that require fear or conversation
- Stops until an adult
5. Receptive disorders
This is one of three types of language problems. It is a way of life that affects how people process spoken and written language. People with language difficulties struggle to understand words and combine them with ideas. So they don’t always “get” the meaning of what others are saying.
It is difficult to stay in touch with people at school, at work or in the community. And it will make people socially backward. People with acceptable language may have difficulty organizing their ideas. This can happen by speaking and writing. Speech impairment is not caused by hearing aids. This is not the result of speaking other languages. But they are situations that are difficult to understand.
It is important to know that language problems are not mental problems. The people who own it are just as smart as the others. But difficulties and language can sometimes prevent people from showing their full intelligence. And it can be frustrating and frustrating.
Signs and symptoms of language reception problems:
Language problems usually develop. They begin in childhood. Children may show signs of language disorders early in pre-Q. (People can still get these problems after a brain injury or illness. This is called aphasia.)
Here are some common symptoms of a language problem:
- Tuning out when people talk
- There is a problem in following the instructions
- Trouble in answering questions
- Discuss people who speak
- Ask people to repeat what they say
- Answer “Off”
- Understand what is being said
- It’s not a joke
Possible causes of language reception problem:
There is no reason for the language disorder it receives. More often than not, there is no known cause for these challenges. But in some cases, they may be related to certain conditions and circumstances. These include mental illness, birth defects or complications during pregnancy or birth. In later life, they can be caused by brain injury or disease.
How Diagnosis of Language problem
To get a diagnosis, you need to be evaluated by a linguist. These specialists can work in schools, clinics or private practice. Language reception problem can be diagnosed at any age. But the sooner it is discovered, the better.