What to know about Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses a lot of bone, makes very little bone, or both. As a result, the bones become weak and can break if they are dropped or, in extreme cases, from sneezing or minor side effects. So what are the symptoms of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Viewed under a microscope, a healthy bone looks like a honeycomb. When bone disease occurs, the holes and space in the honeycomb are much larger than in healthy bone. Osteoporotic bones have lost their density or mass and have an abnormal tissue structure. As the bones get thicker, they weaken and are more likely to break. If you are 50 years or older and have a broken bone, ask your doctor or health care provider about a bone density test.
Osteoporosis can occur in people of any age, but is more common in older adults, especially women. More than 53 million people in the United States may have osteoporosis or are at high risk of developing the disease.
People with osteoporosis are at greater risk of fracture, or bone fractures, while performing normal activities such as standing or walking. The most affected bones are the ribs, hips, and bones in the arms and spine.
Causes and risk factors
Experts have identified several risk factors for osteoporosis. Some can change, but it is impossible to avoid others.
The body continues to absorb old bone tissue and develops new bone to maintain bone density, strength, and structural integrity.
Bone weight increases when a person is 20 years old, and it begins to weaken at age 35. As a person grows older, a bone breaks down faster than you build. Osteoporosis can develop if this damage occurs in excess.
It can affect both men and women, but it is more likely to occur in women after menopause due to a sudden decrease in estrogen. Estrogen usually protects women against osteoporosis.
Experts recommend that as soon as men reach the age of 50, 1 in 3 women and 1 in men will develop fractures because of bone disease.
The reasons are inevitable
According to the American University of Rheumatology, irreversible risk factors include:
age. However, women over the age of 50 or postmenopausal women have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Women experience rapid bone loss in the first 10 years after menopause, because after menopause it reduces the production of estrogen, a hormone that protects against bone loss.
Age and osteoporosis affect men as well. You may be surprised to learn that men over the age of 50 are more likely to have bone marrow transplantation than prostate cancer. About 80,000 men a year are expected to break their waist, and men are more likely than women to die in a year after a hip fracture.
Ethnicity. Caucasian and Asian women are more likely to develop osteoporosis. However, African-American and Spanish women are still at risk. In fact, African-American women are more likely than white women to die after hip fractures.
bone structure and body weight. Younger and thinner people are at a higher risk of developing bone disease because they have less bone loss than people who are overweight and overweight.
Family history also plays a role in the risk of osteoporosis. If your parents or grandparents have symptoms of a bone disorder, such as a fractured hip after a minor fall, you may be at greater risk for the disease.
Some medical conditions and medications increase your risk. If you have or have had any of the following conditions, some of which are related to normal hormone levels, you and your healthcare provider may consider an early diagnosis of osteoporosis. Excessive, parathyroid, or adrenal glands. History of bariatric surgery (weight loss) or organ transplant. Hormone treatment of breast or prostate cancer or a history of missed periods.
Celiac disease, or gastrointestinal disease. Blood diseases such as multiple myeloma. Some drugs cause side effects that can damage the bone and cause bone disease. These include steroids, breast cancer treatments, and medications to treat epilepsy. You should talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist about the effects of your medication on the bones.
Eating habits: You are more likely to get osteoporosis if your body does not have enough calcium and vitamin D. Although eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia are risk factors, they can be treated.
Lifestyle: People who lead sedentary (inactive) lives have a higher risk of osteoporosis.
Tobacco use: Smoking increases the risk of breakdown.
Alcohol Use: Having two drinks a day (or more) increases the risk of osteoporosis.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
Let’s look symptoms of osteoporosis.
1. Loss of height
Osteoporosis is a serious condition that causes the body to lose a lot of bone and weight, forming very little bone, or sometimes, both. “Small bumps, sneezing, falls, or even walking can cause bone fractures, and this can lead to permanent pain. While osteoporosis affects the spinal cord (bones break in the spine), it often results in a bent or bent spine, lost height, and limited mobility. Osteoporosis is sometimes a serious condition, and many patients require long-term care of nursing homes. ”
A healthy diet, exercise – especially weight training and resistance training – and getting enough sleep can help prevent osteoporosis. “You should take 1200-1500mg per day of calcium, preferably in diets, and 800 units of Vitamin D per day for adults over 70 years. “Regular exercise and a high level of physical activity throughout your life can also lead to severe bone aging. Exercise routines should include weight training and exercise reduces the risk of a 25% drop. High growth rates increase bone mass, and growth hormone increases exercise and is produced while you sleep. Sleep resting for 8 hours and avoiding carbohydrates two hours before bed increases the production of growth hormone.
For many people, especially women, this disease is the first cause of spinal degeneration. Osteoporosis causes thin bones, becomes dirty like a sponge, and breaks down, making the bone marrow normal as you grow older. Osteoporosis causes more problems than broken bones. Muscle weakness leads to muscle atrophy.
Vertebral fractures, also called compression fractures, often do not cause pain or other symptoms, making them dangerous because they have not been diagnosed or treated. Spinal injuries such as kyphosis (hunchback) and lordosis (sway back) occur, often because of undiagnosed fractures. And negative changes in posture are also due to this situation.
Most people feel that osteoporosis is inevitable, if they think about it at all. You should work to prevent orthopedic disease now, regardless of age, because it is worse and life-changing than you think. Preventing osteoporosis is one of the biggest steps you can take to prevent spinal degeneration.
2. Fracture from a fall
Falling is bad at any time, and breaking a bone after a fall is more likely as a person gets older. Most of us know someone who has fallen and broken a bone. During healing, a fracture reduces a person’s activity and sometimes requires surgery. Often, a person wears a heavy cast to support a broken bone and needs physical therapy to resume normal activities. People are often unaware of the frequent connection between a broken bone and bone disease.
Known as a silent disease because it progresses without symptoms, osteoporosis involves the slow loss of bone tissue or bone density and causes very weak bones to break down under minimal stress. Thus, falls are very dangerous for people who are unaware that they have low bone density. If the patient and the doctor fail to connect the broken bone with the bone marrow, the opportunity to make a diagnosis and test of bone density and start a prevention or treatment program is lost. Bone loss persists, and some bones may break.
Prevent falls and breakage
- In bad weather, use a walker or cane for added stability.
- Wear warm boots and rubber soles for added traction.
- Carefully inspect floor surfaces in public buildings. Most floors are made of marble or highly polished tile that can be very slippery. If the floor has plastic or carpet runners, stay on top of them whenever possible.
- Identify community services that can provide support, such as 24-hour pharmacies and grocery stores that take orders by phone and deliver. It is very important to use these services in bad weather.
- Use a shoulder bag, fanny package, or wallet to leave hands free.
- Stand on the curbs and check their height before going up or down. Be careful of cut-off barriers to allow access to bicycles or wheelchairs. Bending up or down can cause a fall.
People need to know if they are at risk of developing osteoporosis or if they have lost so much bone that they already have osteoporosis. Although risk factors may alert a person to the potential for low bone density, only a BMD test can measure current bone density, detect bone disease, and determine the risk of fracture. Many different methods measure bone density without pain and are safe. Many of them include machines that use very low levels of radiation to complete their reading. In some cases, ultrasound machines, which rely on sound waves, are used instead
3. Back or neck pain
When I examine them further for more information, they tell me that their DEXA Bone Mineral test results, measure the bone density of their necks. Their results showed a low bone density mark in the area, so the discomfort they feel in their neck should be the result of a decrease in bone density in this area.
do you have a connection between the results on the femur neck and your neck? Not true. They do not have osteoporosis in the neck. This is a common source of confusion. Let me explain what happens. You get those results, and it feels so stressful, you almost feel like your bones have left you. That stress, that anxiety, we carry a lot on our necks.
Although the results of the femoral neck are not directly related to your neck, the fact that your bone density test is low can cause you stress and anxiety.
Is Osteoporosis Neck Pain Existing?
They have neck pain, but not the result of bone disease. The “neck” that they see in their DEXA BMD results is actually the femur neck (or femoral neck) – not the neck on their shoulders supporting their head.
In short, osteoporosis neck pain is absent. Although it is a source of confusion, anxiety is still important for patients especially around a number of important topics. The balance of this blog is dedicated to explaining each of these in more detail to you.
Safe Neck Exercise for Osteoporosis
On a different but related (and important) topic, if you have osteoporosis you should be careful when doing certain exercises – especially those that include weight loss.
A physical therapist (he is Pilates, a dance instructor and gymnastics practitioner) recently contacted me with a question about neck exercises, neck stretching and orthopedic disease. He was interested in exercises for flexion of the neck, cervical spine, and neck for clients with osteoporosis.
4. Stooped posture or compression fracture
A compression fracture is a type of fracture of your spinal cord. The vertebrae are the bones behind you that are placed on top of each other to form your spine. Your spine supports your weight, allows you to move, and protects your spinal cord and arteries from the rest of your body.
Bone fractures can cause the spinal cord to collapse, making them shorter in length. This collapse can also cause bone fragments to compress the spinal cord and arteries, reducing the amount of blood and oxygen that the spinal cord receives.
What causes the breakdown of compression?
Osteoporosis is the most common cause of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a type of bone loss that causes the bones to break easily.
Other causes include back injuries (such as car accidents and sports injuries) and swelling in the spine. The tumor may begin in the vertebrae. But it usually spreads from one part of the body to the bone.
Who is at risk for the breakdown of oppression?
Osteoporosis is the most common cause of osteoporosis. Preventing and treating osteoporosis is the best way to reduce your risk of osteoporosis. Many oppressive fractures associated with bone disease are found in women, especially after menopause. But older men develop osteoporosis and compression fractures, too.
People who have had one depressive fracture associated with orthopedic disease are at greater risk than the average of having another.
How is the compression fracture treated?
If your oppressive fracture is related to orthopedic disease, your healthcare provider will want to treat orthopedic disease. You may need to take bone-strengthening medication with calcium and vitamin D supplements. Physical therapy and exercise may be recommended, too. These substances help to keep your bones strong and can help prevent other bones.
Other types of treatment include:
- Pain medication to relieve your back pain
- Rest in bed for a short time, followed by a few activities while your bones recover
- Wear a brace on the back
- Physical therapy will help you to move smoothly and strengthen the muscles around your spine
If the cancerous tumor is causing your symptoms, you may need radiation therapy and surgery to remove the bone and treat the tumor. If the injury has caused a fracture, you may need surgery to repair the bone and join the vertebrae together. This is a process called fusion.
How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider may order a test to give you information about your bone health before the problem starts. Bone mineral density tests (BMD) are also known as X-ray absorptiometry scans (DEXA or DXA). These X-rays use very little radiation to determine the strength of the spine, hips, or arm. Ordinary X-rays will only show osteoporosis when the disease is too far away.
All women over the age of 65 should have a bone density test. A DEXA scan can be performed early in women who have risk factors for osteoporosis. Men over the age of 70, or younger men with risk factors, should also consider getting a bone density test.
How is osteoporosis treated?
Treatment of osteoporosis may include exercise, vitamin and mineral supplements, and medications. Exercise and supplements are often recommended to help you prevent osteoporosis. Weight-bearing exercises, resistance and balance are all important.
Osteoporosis should be treated with medication?
Women whose bone density test shows T – 2.5 marks or lower, such as -3.3 or -3.8, should start treatment to reduce their risk of fracture. Most women need treatment if they have osteopenia, which is a bone weakness that is not as severe as osteoporosis. Your doctor may use the World Health Organization’s risk assessment tool, or FRAX, to determine if you are eligible for treatment based on your risk factors and the results of bone density. People who have had a common bone fracture, such as that of the arm, spine or hips, should also be treated (sometimes even if the result of bone density is normal).
NOTE; If you have risk factors and are concerned about orthopedic disease, ask your healthcare provider for a check-up, even if you are under 65 (for women) or 70 (for men). Osteoporosis can be fatal. Pieces can change or threaten your life. A large number of people have osteoporosis and have hip fractures die within one year of the fracture. Always call your health care provider if you fall, if you are worried about bone break, or if you have severe back pain that comes on suddenly.
Remember that you have the ability to live a productive and satisfying life even if you suffer from osteoporosis. You and your healthcare provider can work together to achieve this