What Is Meniscus Tear
The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that provides a cushion between your female “thorn” and the tibia “shinbone.” There are two menisci in each knee joint. They can be damaged or ruptured during activities that put pressure on or around the knee joint. Taking a hard step on the football field or a sudden pivot on a hockey field can cause meniscus tears. Depending on the severity of your injury, treatment options may vary from home remedies to outpatient surgery. You can help prevent this injury by doing exercises that will strengthen your leg muscles and use proper techniques during communication activities or sports.
You have one meniscus on each side of your knee – the middle meniscus inward and the posterior meniscus outward. Your menisci act as shock absorbers, absorbing the effect of your upper leg on your lower leg. It also helps to relax your knees as well as keep the movement of your knee soft. Meniscus tears are among the most common knee injuries. Athletes, especially those who play communication games, are at risk of meniscus tears. However, anyone at any age can break the meniscus. When people talk about (broken carrot) on the knee, they usually refer to a ruptured meniscus.
Meniscus tears often occur when you play sports, but you can also get them as a result of aging as you get older. When people talk about a ‘torn carrot’ in their knee it usually means a meniscus wound. They are given different grades depending on how severe the injury is. If your wound is severe, it is possible to damage other parts of your knee as well as your meniscus. For example, you can pull or right the ligament in your knee like an anterior cruciate ligament.
It protects the bones from wear and tear. But all it takes is a good twist to the knee to remove the meniscus. In some cases, a piece of chopped barley breaks off the joint of the knee, causing it to close. Meniscus tears are common in communication sports like football as well as non-communication sports that require jumping and cutting such as volleyball and football. They can occur when a person suddenly changes direction during a run, and often occurs simultaneously with other knee injuries, such as an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. Meniscus tears are a special risk for older athletes as the meniscus weakens with age.
Symptoms of meniscus tear
In some cases, the number of tumors may be insufficient to detect. Sometimes, the patient is unaware of the initial injury but begins to identify symptoms that appear later. In addition, there may be no immediate injury. Knee cartilage can be damaged as a result of aging, arthritis, and meniscus wear, which causes degenerative tears.
After an injury, joint pain in the knee may subside and feel normal when the initial inflammatory response resolves. However, other symptoms may occur over time and may include any or all of the following:
- pain, especially when the area is touched
- difficulty in moving your knee or inability to move it in full motion
- a feeling of tightness or grip on your knee
- the feeling that your knee is giving way or may not help you
- Pain with running or walking long distances
- Frequent swelling of the knee joint
- Emerging, especially when climbing up or down
You may also experience a slippery or swollen sensation, which is usually an indication that a piece of barley has become loose and is blocking the knee joint. Contact your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms and they persist for more than a few days or occur after your knee is injured. Call your doctor right away if your knee is tight and you can’t bend the knee after stretching.
Causes of meniscus tear
The risk of developing a ruptured meniscus increases with age because cartilage begins to wear out slowly, losing its blood supply and stability. Because some of the cartilage fibers are connected to those of the ligaments that surround the knee, meniscus injuries can be associated with tears of the collateral and cross, depending on the order of injury.
- Any impact or trauma on the front or side of your knee joint, leading it to move to one side, can cause meniscal tears in any of the menisci. Such injuries also include the ACL or anterior cruciate ligament in some cases. If you are an athlete, you may experience similar trauma when playing soccer or hockey.
- If you happen to be around your knee when you move your legs aggressively, you could end up damaging your meniscus. Flexible rotation is very common in sports such as football, basketball, and soccer, among others.
- Sometimes excessive pressure on the knee joints can also cause damage to the meniscus. It can happen if you are running, squatting, or passing over an uneven surface. Such accidents are more common in football practice and land races.
- Sudden, sudden, and unexpected force on the knee can make the move move too far and hurt the meniscus when it breaks. This type of accident can occur on a hockey field where one player’s knee collides with another player causing injury.
Meniscus weakens with age. Tears are common in people over the age of 30. Movements such as squatting or trampling can cause injury to a person with a weak meniscus. If you have osteoarthritis, you are at greater risk of injuring your knee or dislocating your meniscus. Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem that includes pain and stiffness in your joints caused by aging and aging. When an older person experiences meniscus tears, it is more likely to be associated with deterioration. This is when the cartilage in the knee becomes weak and thin. As a result, it is easy to break.
Treatment for meniscus tear
The treatment that your doctor recommends will depend on a number of factors, including your age, symptoms, and level of activity. He will also consider the type, size, and location of the wound. One third of the outer meniscus has a large blood supply. Tears in this “red” area can be healed on their own, or they can often be repaired with surgery. A long tear is an example of this type of tear.
What treatment you are given will depend on the meniscus tears, how big they are, how big your wound is and your age. The first treatment would be to control your pain and swelling using self-help measures (see above). Further treatments for meniscus tears include physical therapy, medication and surgery.
Let’s look treatment for meniscus tear;
1. Meniscus tear remedies
You can take painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, to help relieve any pain from meniscus tears. Your doctor may prescribe painkillers if your pain is severe. In addition to reducing your pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen can help reduce swelling and inflammation. Always read the patient information that comes with your medication, and if you have any questions, ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice.
To treat a ruptured meniscus is to get a wound examined by a dentist. During the test, they can check the gentleness of your knee joint and move your leg to get a measure of your knee motion. They may also order a photographic examination, such as an MRI or X-ray, to determine the location and severity of the tear.
2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
like Advil, Aleve, or Motrin, will help with pain and swelling. However, these drugs can have side effects, such as the risk of bleeding and ulcers. They should be used regularly, unless your doctor says otherwise.
3. Non-surgical treatment
Most meniscus tears do not require immediate surgery. If your symptoms persist and you do not have a lock or swelling of the knee, your doctor may recommend non-surgical treatment. (RICE).
- Rest; Rest from the activity that caused the injury. Your doctor may recommend that you use crutches to prevent putting weight on your leg.
- Ice; Use a cold pack for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day. Do not apply ice directly on the skin.
- Compression; To prevent excessive swelling and blood loss, wear elastic compression bandages.
- Elevation; To reduce swelling, sit while at rest, and keep your foot higher than your heart.
Anti-inflammatory drugs. Medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen can help reduce pain and swelling. Other non-surgical treatments. Biological injections, such as platelet-rich plasma, are now being studied and may show promise in the future for the treatment of meniscus tears.
4. Physiotherapy for meniscus tears
Your physiotherapist will carefully examine your knee and then arrange a personalized exercise program. These will be designed to help strengthen your knee and leg muscles slowly. This should help your knee recover its full movement, as well as strength and stability. Make sure you exercise as this is an important part of your recovery from meniscus tears.
5. Surgery for meniscus tears
Other meniscus tears can be made by sewing (stitching) the pieces that have been torn together. Whether a tear can be repaired successfully depends on the type of tear, and the general condition of the injured meniscus. Because the meniscus must heal together, the recovery time for repair is longer than for meniscectomy.
If you have severe meniscus tears, or have tried physical therapy alone for at least three months and it has not helped, you may need to have surgery to repair it. Surgery can involve repairing your torn meniscus, or removing a damaged part of your meniscus. Your surgeon will usually perform surgery on the knee arthroscopy, which is a type of key surgery. You will need to have physical therapy later to get your knee back to normal, and to function properly.